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Manufacturing Policy Portal [beta]

Hosted by the Centre for Science, Technology & Innovation Policy (CSTI)

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Actors & Institutions

Actors & Institutions

 

Within the US Government, there are now a number of agency partners that are concerned with formulating policies, creating synergies, and funding stakeholders.  The Federal effort is coordinated by these recently created institutions.

  • Advanced Manufacturing National Program Office (AMNPO)
  • Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP)

The AMNPO, located within NIST, is staffed by representatives from federal agencies with manufacturing-related missions (DOD, DOE, NASA, and NSF) as well as by representatives from industry and academia.

Advanced manufacturing research is also pursued by several Federal agencies, each having its own particular focus.

 

Key Federal Departments and Agencies

 

 

Central Government Policy Actor


US Advanced Manufacturing National Program Office (AMNPO)

Following a recommendation in a 2011 report by the President’s Council of Advisors on Science & Technology (PCAST), the Advanced Manufacturing National Program Office was founded in 2012.

 

The AMNPO has two primary missions:

  • To facilitate and link federal efforts to industry-led, private-public partnerships which also engage US universities, state and local governments, and other organisations. 
  • To design and implement advanced manufacturing initiatives that also promote collaboration and information-sharing across federal agencies.

In particular, the AMNPO aims to enhance advanced manufacturing-related technology transfer and to enable the scaling-up of production of new technologies.

 

AMNPO Structure and Governance

AMNPO is hosted by the Department of Commerce, within the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The AMNPO engages with Federal Agencies through an Interagency Working Group of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).  The AMNPO, whose current director is Mike Molnar, is also staffed by representatives from federal agencies involved in US manufacturing, including the Departments of Defense, Education and Energy, NASA, the National Science Foundation, as well as fellows from manufacturing companies and universities.  

By coordinating federal resources and programs, the AMNPO will enhance technology transfer in U.S. manufacturing industries and help companies overcome technical obstacles to scaling up production of new technologies. It will work to build more effective collaborations in identifying and addressing challenges and opportunities that span technology areas and cut across agency missions. A key AMNPO aim is to link federal efforts to the growing number of private-sector partnerships involving manufacturers, universities, state and local governments, and other organizations.

 

Advanced Manufacturing Partnership

Another key grouping formed in recent years as a consequence of the US Government’s renewed focus on advanced manufacturing is the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership(AMP).  The inaugural Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Steering Committee was created in 2011 following the PCAST report of that year.  And it was this committee that issued the 2012 PCAST report detailing 16 recommendations aimed at revitalising American manufacturing.  Indeed, the committee is designed to function as a working group of PCAST.  In 2013, President Obama launched the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Steering Committee “2.0” to continue the efforts of the first committee.  Its composition demonstrates a belief that industry, academia (leading universities represented on the steering committee include MIT, Georgia Tech, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, University of Akron, University of Michigan, and University of California, Berkeley), and government need to work in partnership “to identify the most pressing challenges and transformative opportunities to improve the technologies, processes and products across multiple manufacturing industries”.  The new committee works with the White House’s National Economic Council and Office of Science and Technology Policy and the Department of Commerce, to fully implement the initial Steering Committee’s previous recommendations, and also to identify new strategies for securing US advantage in emerging technologies, with a remit extending from technology innovation through to production.  AMP 2.0 is also comprised of five Working Teams, with distinct briefs: Technologies, Workforce, NNMI, Scale-up Policy, and Manufacturing Image.  Furthermore, the AMP Steering Committee 2.0 engages the wider manufacturing community through regional forums and working sessions.

 

 

Other Federal Agency Actors

 

Department of Defense (DOD)

The Office of Manufacturing and Industrial Base Policy (MIBP) supports the Office of the Secretary of Defense and Service Acquisition by providing analyses and understanding of the industrial supply chain supporting national defense. MIBP supports investment to advance industrial productivity through a variety of authorities and programs, including the Defense Production Act and Manufacturing Technology (ManTech). MIPB is also working to implement the two DOD pilot Institutes for Manufacturing Innovation (IMIs) announced in 2013.

The DOD are also engaged in advanced manufacturing through the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency(DARPA), who are involved in the development of disruptive manufacturing technologies with military impact. Prominent DARPA manufacturing programmes (e.g., MENTOR2Open Manufacturing) are run from the Defense Sciences Office.

 

Department of Energy (DOE)

The US Department of Energy (DoE) is also engaged in advanced manufacturing, being heavily involved in the development of energy efficient technologies, as well as energy management solutions.  The investments of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) in advanced manufacturing include R&D projects, facilities for collaborative manufacturing communities, and technical assistance. 

The DoE also contains the Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO), formerly the Industrial Technologies Program, which partners with industry, small business, universities, and other stakeholders to identify and invest in emerging technologies.  It also leads participation in the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP).  The AMO performs three essential functions:

  • Funds Next Generation Manufacturing R&D Projects, focusing on the development of industry-specific and cross-cutting manufacturing technologies.
  • Supports Advanced Manufacturing R&D Facilities that will enable the creation of Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institutes consistent with the President’s vision for a larger multi-agency National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI).
  • Provides Industrial Technical Assistance that supports the deployment of energy-efficient manufacturing technologies and practices.

 

National Institute for Science and Technology (NIST)

Founded in 1901 and now part of the US Department of Commerce, NIST is one of the nation's oldest physical science laboratories. It was established to support the US’s industrial competitiveness, and that remains an important part of its brief today. One of NIST’s roles is to provide technical support to manufacturing industries in the US.  This it does via a range of programs, with varying degrees of scope.

In particular:

 

National Science Foundation (NSF)

The NSF is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…" The President has proposed $7.255 billion in overall funding for NSF in FY2015.  Over 75% of the NSF’s budget supports university/third level research, approximately 90% of which is allocated as competitive awards.  Lately the NSF has included advanced manufacturing among its specific agency priorities.  The NSF views its activity in this area as less a "refinement" of traditional manufacturing processes, but embracing new methodologies, systems, and processes, and it supports a diverse research portfolio.


National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

NASA’s advanced manufacturing brief largely entails finding manufacturing requirements for space transportation systems. Its initiatives are based on building the technology base for manufacturing next generation launch vehicle systems. There are some dedicated manufacturing divisions:

 

Department of Labor (DOL) / Department of Education (ED)

The DOL is tasked with providing innovative workforce solutions/training in order that all the various advanced manufacturing initiatives are propelled by people with the requisite skills.  As such, it has announced a series of investments totalling more than $105M to address the workforce needs of the advanced manufacturing industry. The grants are intended to provide genuine solutions, leadership, and models for partnerships that can be replicated across the country.